The Moose Test is a ‘maneuver test’ performed to examine how well a particular vehicle is able to dodge an unexpected obstacle. The inspecting a car’s ability to avoid hitting a moose and tipping over, the test first took place in Sweden during the 1970s and became known as the ‘evasive maneuver’ in Norway, Russia, Alaska and Finland .
Making car safety top priority, the test studies a car’s potential during emergency situations; for example, running over someone in the road forces you to stomp your foot on the brakes. A Moose was therefore selected as it is more likely to continue crossing the road than turning back.
Swedish motor magazine, Teknikens Värld, tests various car brands’ ability to maneuver its way out of road hitches at increasing speeds of 70 to 80 km/h at 45 to 50 mph. The Moose Test takes place on a dry road, on which cones are placed in a S-shape. Before the test begins, each seat has one individual and the car’s boot is loaded to its maximum intake. Once on the road, the vehicle is swerved into the oncoming lane, after which it is swerved back once close to the obstacle. The test continues with increasing speed until the car achieves a moose crash – skids, spins or knocks a cone.
Today, a moose test crash dummy holding the same weight, central-gravity and measuring, are used to create real-life moose collisions. Most car brands are now entering the moose crash era when building a car. However, different countries have also created various types of animal dummies for crash tests.
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